Atomic Line List: Documentation



This page is still under construction

The atomic line list is a compilation of approximately 923,000 allowed and forbidden atomic transitions in the range from 0.5 Å to 1000 µm.

Allowed transitions, forbidden magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole transitions are compiled for all ionization stages of all elements H thru Zn (except Cu VIII-IX and Zn IX-X for which no level data exists).

Intercombination lines are compiled for the same ions, provided that the ground state of that ion has at least one electron in the 2p shell or Z > 18.

The wavelengths in this list are all calculated from the difference between the energy of the upper and lower level of the transition. No attempt has been made to combine these calculations with observed wavelengths. The information for the energy levels was taken from various sources listed below. However, most of the data was taken from the Atomic Spectroscopic Database maintained by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

1 - Atomic Spectroscopic Database (version 1.1), 1997
2 - Kelly R.L., 1987, Atomic and Ionic Spectrum Lines below 2000 Angstroms, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 16, Suppl. No. 1
3 - Bashkin S., Stoner J.O. (Jr.), 1975, Atomic Energy Levels and Grotrian Diagrams, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam
4 - Moore C.E., 1949, Atomic Energy Levels, Circular of the National Bureau of Standards 467
5 - Martin W.C., 1987, Phys. Rev. A, 36, 3575
6 - Raassen A.J.J. et al., 1992, A&AS 95, 223
7 - van Hoof P.A.M., 1997, calculated using hydrogenic theory
8 - Persson W., Wahlstroem C.-G., Joensson L., Di Rocco H.O., 1991, Phys. Rev. A, 43, 4791
9 - Johansson I., 1959, Ark. Fys. 15, 169
10 - Johansson L., 1961, Ark. Fys. 20, 489
11 - Crossley R., 1984, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 266
12 - Loefstrand B., 1973, Physica Scripta 8, 57
13 - Eidelsberg M., 1974, J. Phys. B 7, 1476
14 - Oelme A., 1969, Ark. Fys. 40, 35
15 - Oelme A., 1970, Physica Scripta 1, 256
16 - Odintzova G.A., Striganov A.R., J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 8, 63
17 - Liden K., 1949, Ark. Fys. 1, 229
18 - Palenius H.P., 1969, Ark. Fys. 39, 15
19 - Palenius H.P., 1970, Physica Scripta 1, 113
20 - Engstroem L., 1985, Physica Scripta 31, 379
21 - Engstroem L., 1985, Physica Scripta 29, 113
22 - Drake G.W., 1988, Can. J. Phys. 66, 586
23 - Chang E.S., Schoenfeld W.G., Biemont E., Quinet P., Palmeri P., 1994, Physica Scripta 49, 26
24 - Kaufman V., Minnhagen L., 1972, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 92
25 - Persson W., 1971, Physica Scripta 3, 133
26 - Goldsmith S., Kaufman A.S., 1963, Proc. Phys. Soc. 81, 544
27 - Hermansdorfer H., 1972, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1149
28 - Accad Y., Pekeris C.L., Schiff B., 1971, Phys. Rev. A 4, 516
29 - Feuchtgruber H., Lutz D., Beintema D.A. et al., 1997, ApJ 487, 962
30 - Eriksson K.B.S., 1983, Physica Scripta 28, 593
31 - Engstroem L., Bengtsson P., Jupen C., Westerlind M., 1992, J. Phys. B 25, 2459
32 - Verner D.A., Verner E.M., Ferland G.J., 1996, Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables 64, 1
33 - Brown R.T., 1968, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4698
34 - Brown R.T., 1969, ApJ 158, 829
35 - Vainshtein L.A., Safronova U.I., 1985, Physica Scripta 31, 519
36 - Malvezzi A.M., 1983, Physica Scripta 27, 413
37 - Isler R.C., Jupen C., Martinson I., 1993, Physica Scripta 47, 32
38 - Mannervik S., Cederquist H., 1983, Physica Scripta 27, 175
39 - Pettersson S.-G., 1982, Physica Scripta 26, 296
40 - Moore C.E., 1965-1983, NSRDS-NBS 3, Section 1-10
41 - Kramida A.E., Traebert E., 1995, Physica Scripta 51, 209
42 - Khardi S., Buchet-Poulizac M.C., Buchet J.P. et al., 1994, Physica Scripta 49, 571
43 - Ekberg J.O., Smitt R., Skogval B., Borgstroem A., 1990, Physica Scripta 41, 217
44 - van het Hof G.J., Ekberg J.O., Nilsson A.E., 1990, Physica Scripta 41, 252
45 - Tunklev M., Engstroem L., Jupen C., Kink I., 1997, Physica Scripta 55, 707
46 - Kink I., Engstroem L., 1997, Physica Scripta 56, 31
47 - Edlen B., 1983, Physica Scripta 28, 51
48 - Jupen C., Engstroem L., 1997, Physica Scripta 56, 592
49 - Longhi S., 1997, Physica Scripta 56, 611
50 - Kramida A.E., 1998, Physica Scripta 57, 66
51 - Bastin T., Biemont E., Dumont P.D., Garnir H.P., Krenzer M.J., Bukow H., Kramida A.E., 1997, Physica Scripta 55, 654
52 - Biemont E., Johansson S., Palmeri P., 1997, Physica Scripta 55, 559
53 - Palmeri P., Biemont E., Quinet P., Dembczynski J., Szawiola G., Kurucz R.L., 1997, Physica Scripta 55, 586
54 - Kramida A.E., Ivanov I.A., 1997, Physica Scripta 56, 264
55 - Ekberg J.O., 1997, Physica Scripta 56, 141
56 - Jupen C., Litzen U., Traebert E., 1996, Physica Scripta 53, 139
57 - Azarov V.I., Podobedova L.I., Ryabtsev A.N., 1996, Physica Scripta 53, 398
58 - Bredice F., Gallardo M., Reyna Almandos J.G., Trigueiros A.G., Pagan C.J.B., 1995, Physica Scripta 51, 446
59 - Quinet P., Palmeri P., Biemont E., 1994, Physica Scripta 49, 436
60 - Bengtsson P., Engstroem L., Jupen C., 1994, Physica Scripta 49, 297
61 - Nave G., Johansson S., Learner R.C.M., Thorne A.P., Brault J.W., 1994, ApJS 94, 221
62 - Myrnaes R., Jupen C., Miecznik G., Martinson I., Denne-Hinnov B., 1994, Physica Scripta 49, 429
63 - Bengtsson P., Jupen C., Engstroem L., Redfors A., Westerlind M., 1993, Physica Scripta 48, 413
64 - Raineri M., Bredice F., Gallardo M., Reyna Almandos J.G., Pagan C.J.B., Trigueiros A.G., 1992, Physica Scripta 45, 584
65 - Rosberg M., Johansson S., 1992, Physica Scripta 45, 590
66 - Minnhagen L., 1973, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1185
67 - Minnhagen L., 1971, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1257
68 - Whaling W., Anderson W.H.C., Carle M.T., Brault J.W., Zarem H.A., 1995, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 1
69 - Hansen J.E., Persson W., 1987, J. Phys. B 20, 693
70 - Quinet P., 1998, A&AS 129, 603
71 - Pickering J.C., Thorne A.P., 1996, ApJS 107, 761
72 - Pickering J.C., Raassen A.J.J., Uylings P.H.M., 1998, ApJS 117, 261
73 - Pickering J.C., 1998, Physica Scripta 58, 457
74 - Redfors A., Litzen U., 1989, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1447

The transition probabilities included in the line list were taken from the following sources:

1 - van Hoof P.A.M., 1998, calculated using non-relativistic hydrogenic theory/approximation.
2 - van Hoof P.A.M., 1998, M1 transition probabilities calculated assuming perfect LS coupling.
3 - The Opacity Project, obtained using TOPBASE version 0.6, 1998.
6 - Seaton M.J., 1998, J. Phys. B, 31, 5315.


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